Chalcedon, Council of

   The Fourth Ecumenical Council, held in Chalcedon (q.v.) in 451. This council was presided over by the emperor Marcian (q.v.), and it marked a personal victory for his consort Pulcheria (q.v.). The 449 "Robber" Council of Ephesus (q.v.) was condemned, along with Eutyches and Dioskoros (qq.v.), and all others who supported Monophysitism (q.v.). The condemnation of Nestorianism at the Council of Ephesus (qq.v.) in 431 was reiterated, although the omission of three Nestorian writers in the condemnation would later embroil Justinian I (q.v.) in the so-called affair of the Three Chapters (q.v.). Nevertheless, the Council of Chalcedon was decisive in the formulation of Orthodoxy (q.v.), confirming the existence of Christ's dual natures, human and divine, united inseparably and unconfusedly in a single, unique Person (hypostatis). It was also a serious blow to the prestige of the see of Alexandria (q.v.), which had supported Monophysitism (q.v.). This council raised the status of the patriarchate of Constantinople (qq.v.) by increasing its territory with the addition of the dioceses of Thrace, Asia, and Pontos (qq.v.), allowing it to consecrate regional metropolitans (q.v.) and hear appeals from them. It also placed under the see of Constantinople the jurisdiction of missionary areas to the north of these three provinces. In effect, Constantinople was elevated to the most powerful see in the East. Canon 28 confirmed Constantinople's ranking as second only to the see of Rome (q.v.), and increased the power of all bishops (q.v.) by putting monasteries under the authority of their local bishops.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Chalcedon, Council of — • The Fourth Ecumenical Council, held in 451, from 8 October until 1 November inclusive, at Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Chalcedon, Council of — (451) Fourth ecumenical council of the Christian Church, held in Chalcedon (modern Kadiköy, Turkey). Called by the emperor Marcian, it approved the creeds of Nicaea (325) and Constantinople (381, later known as the Nicene Creed) and rejected the… …   Universalium

  • CHALCEDON, COUNCIL OF —    the fourth ECUMENICAL council held in 451 A.D. The council arose from a CHRISTOLOGICAL dispute about the true NATURE of CHRIST S manhood and resulted in the definition of Chalcedon …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Chalcedon, Council of —  Халкидонский Собор …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Chalcedon, Council of — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Council of Chalcedon, Council of Europe, etc. — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Council of Chalcedon —     Council of Chalcedon     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Council of Chalcedon     The Fourth Ecumenical Council, held in 451, from 8 October until 1 November inclusive, at Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor. Its principal purpose was to… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • council — /kown seuhl/, n. 1. an assembly of persons summoned or convened for consultation, deliberation, or advice. 2. a body of persons specially designated or selected to act in an advisory, administrative, or legislative capacity: the governor s… …   Universalium

  • Council of Chalcedon — Date 451 A.D. Accepted by Roman Catholics, Old Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, Anglicans, Lutherans Previous council First Council of Ephesus Next council Second Council of Constantinople …   Wikipedia

  • Chalcedon — • A titular see of Asia Minor. The city was founded 676 B. C. by the Megarians on the Bithynian coast, opposite the place where a little later Byzantium rose Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Chalcedon     Chalcedon …   Catholic encyclopedia

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